Index · Artikel · FDA tests threaten Brazil orange juice imports

FDA tests threaten Brazil orange juice imports

2012-01-11 9
   
Advertisement
résuméWASHINGTON Fears that the U.S. might ban imports of orange juice from Brazil drove orange juice futures to an all-time high on Tuesday as health regulators began testing all incoming shipments for traces of an illegal fungicide called carbendazim. Ac
Advertisement

FDA tests threaten Brazil orange juice imports


WASHINGTON Fears that the U.S. might ban imports of orange juice from Brazil drove orange juice futures to an all-time high on Tuesday as health regulators began testing all incoming shipments for traces of an illegal fungicide called carbendazim.

According to the Food and Drug Administration, a U.S. juice producer had detected low levels of carbendazim in orange juice concentrate imported from Brazil, the top grower accounting for more than 10 percent of the U.S. supply.

The pesticide is banned in U.S. citrus but it is used on orange trees in Brazil to fight mold. The FDA said low levels of carbendazim were not dangerous and the agency had no plans for a recall, but it would stop any shipments of orange juice at the border that tested positive for the fungicide.

Orange juice futures jumped almost 11 percent to an all-time high on the news, which was announced by the FDA in a letter to the Juice Products Association on Monday. The orange juice market is particularly prone to volatility because of its tiny size compared to oil and other major commodities.

It was not immediately clear whether there would be a related increase in orange juice prices for consumers, as that would depend on how long futures stay high and whether this results in a shortage of orange juice shipments into the United States.

Brands such as Tropicana, from PepsiCo Inc, and Minute Maid, from Coca-Cola Co, may use a mix of juices sourced from Brazil and the United States.

"Obviously food safety issues are probably going to play a bigger and bigger role in driving food or commodity prices in the future," said Ray Royce, executive director of the Highlands County Citrus Growers Association in central Florida.

He said the spike in orange juice futures was a double-edged sword for Florida growers, even as higher prices generally translate into richer profits for them.

"There might be concerns in some consumers' minds about there being chemicals within the juice. I think that could almost counter-balance the increase in futures prices and subsequent returns to Florida growers," said Royce.

LEGAL IN BRAZIL

Carbendazim is legal in Brazil, where it has been used for more than two decades to fight blossom blight and black spot, a type of mold that grows on orange trees.

Christian Lohbauer, spokesman for CitrusBR, the association that represents Brazil's four main orange juice producers, said Brazilian orange juice is routinely tested for this fungicide, but has never been stopped by U.S. customs over this issue.

"Any shipment (of orange juice) will test positive," he said. "I don't know what is the level that they will decide is the maximum level. Our interest now is that juice keeps entering the United States."

The FDA could not immediately comment on what level of carbendazim would be acceptable, but said any levels below 10 parts per billion were not detectable and thus would be allowed. The agency is testing orange juice shipments from all countries, not just Brazil.

The Environmental Protection Agency, which regulates fungicides in the United States, conducted an initial risk assessment for the chemical and found it does not raise safety concerns.

"EPA's scientific analysis concludes that no adverse health effects will occur at the reported levels in orange juice, which are thousands of times below levels where adverse health effects may occur," an EPA spokesman said in an email.

The EPA considers several thousand parts per billion to be a health risk. The levels of the fungicide reported two weeks ago by a juice company were below that level, the FDA said. It declined to identify the company.

The FDA said in an email to Reuters that much of the orange juice tested by the company did not have detectable levels of carbendazim. For those that did, the levels were between 10 and 35 parts per billion. The EPA said these levels are 1,000 to 3,000 times lower than levels that would be a health concern.

The U.S. allows trace amounts of the fungicide in 31 food types, including grains, nuts and some non-citrus fruits. Carbendazim was approved for citrus in Florida from 2002 to 2008, but other alternatives became available after that time.

REGULATORS IN THE DARK?

Total frozen and fresh orange juice imports in 2010 came to nearly 1 billion liters, according to U.S. International Trade Commission data. Of that almost half, about 460 million liters, came from Brazil, with Mexico supplying about a third.

In the last year or two, when orange juice costs have gone up, major producers have passed the costs on to retailers and consumers, said John Sicher, editor and publisher of Beverage Digest. But he said it was not yet clear what impact higher futures prices will have on orange juice producers' costs.

Coca-Cola spokesman Dan Schafer referred queries to the Juice Products Association, which said it was cooperating with the FDA "to assure the continued safety and quality of juice products."

PepsiCo had no comment. Kroger Co, the biggest U.S. supermarket chain, said it was not removing orange juice from shelves, and added that it does not have any Brazilian juice under its brand.

Patty Lovera, assistant director of consumer group Food and Water Watch, said the FDA does not have a good system for tracking chemical residues in food, as it often focuses testing on common food-borne pathogens such as Salmonella and E. coli.

Last year, the FDA investigated arsenic in apple juice after reports from other consumer groups, but said it found only low levels of the substance.

While fruit and vegetable imports into the United States have grown to almost half of the U.S. food supply, FDA has said.

But, Lovera and other consumer groups claim that FDA's staff of inspectors has shrunk, meaning the agency often only has enough time to test about two percent of products.

"We don't have a comprehensive system when it comes to imports. It's often reactive, it's not proactive," Lovera said. "We're kind of in the dark about what's happening."

Carbendazim is currently only approved in the United States as a fungicide to treat non-food items such as paints, textiles and ornamental trees. But another legal fungicide, thiophanate-methyl, can break down into carbendazim after it is applied.

Kathryn Gilje, co-director of the Pesticide Action Network, said the fungicide is a possible carcinogen and can disrupt human hormone systems even at low levels of exposure.

Michael Hansen, chief scientist at Consumers Union, said carbendazim was also an aneugen, meaning it interferes with cell division and can cause mutations. Australia banned the substance for most uses in 2010. The World Health Organization has said risks are high only if large doses are ingested.

  • FDA tests threaten Brazil orange juice imports

    FDA tests threaten Brazil orange juice imports
    WASHINGTON Fears that the U.S. might ban imports of orange juice from Brazil drove orange juice futures to an all-time high on Tuesday as health regulators began testing all incoming shipments for traces of an illegal fungicide called carbendazim. Ac
    2012-01-11 FDAORANGEJUICE
  • FDA clears more orange juice imports

    FDA clears more orange juice imports
    WASHINGTON Health regulators cleared more orange juice imports from five countries after testing for the fungicide carbendazim, but made no mention of samples from top grower Brazil, which accounts for half of U.S. juice imports. The Food and Drug Ad
    2012-01-20 FDAORANGE
  • U.S. detains orange juice imports after finding fungicide

    U.S. detains orange juice imports after finding fungicide
    WASHINGTON Health regulators on Friday detained nine shipments of orange juice from Brazil and Canada that contained traces of an illegal fungicide, and rejected industry calls to overhaul the way they test for the banned substance. The Food and Drug
    2012-01-28 FDAJUICE
  • U.S. won't allow more fungicide in orange juice: FDA

    U.S. won't allow more fungicide in orange juice: FDA
    WASHINGTON/BRASILIA The U.S. health regulator on Thursday declined a request by orange juice producers to allow a higher tolerance of a banned fungicide in juice imports, a decision that will force Brazil to stop exporting concentrated orange juice t
    2012-02-17 FDAORANGES
  • PepsiCo says finds trace fungicide in orange juice

    PepsiCo says finds trace fungicide in orange juice
    CHICAGO PepsiCo Inc said company tests of its Tropicana orange juice showed low levels of a potentially dangerous fungicide, but levels were below federal safety concerns and did not pose a health risk. The company said in a statement on Saturday it
    2012-01-14 FDAORANGEPEPSI
  • U.S. detains Brazil, Canada orange juice for fungicide

    U.S. detains Brazil, Canada orange juice for fungicide
    n">U.S. health regulators detained three shipments of Brazilian orange juice and six from Canada that tested positive for the fungicide carbendazim, which is illegal in the United States. Two other Brazilian juice shipments tested positive for the
    2012-01-27 FDAJUICE
  • Orange Juice Preise steigen wegen einer Kontamination Angst

    Orange Juice Preise steigen wegen einer Kontamination Angst
    Orangensaftkonzentrat - Futures sind jetzt schießen , dank Nachrichten , die in den Vereinigten Staaten verboten eines Fungizids Spuren wurde in Saft von einer Marke erfassten die FDA Namen nicht. Die Zeitschrift berichtet, "Januar-Lieferung Orangens
    2012-01-11
  • FDA releases Canada OJ results, more due next week

    FDA releases Canada OJ results, more due next week
    WASHINGTON U.S. health regulators on Friday cleared the way for the first shipments of imported orange juice to enter the country since January 4, when authorities began testing for an illegal fungicide discovered in juice products from Brazil. The F
    2012-01-13 FDAORANGE
  • Group asks FDA to treat superbugs like rare diseases

    Group asks FDA to treat superbugs like rare diseases
    WASHINGTON A research group is proposing a new tool in the fight against drug-resistant bacteria: turn infections into a rare disease. The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) offered a plan on Thursday that would allow the U.S. Food and Dru
    2012-03-08 FDAANTIBIOTICS
  • FDA eyes improvements for diabetics' glucose devices

    FDA eyes improvements for diabetics' glucose devices
    GAITHERSBURG, Maryland U.S. health regulators are taking a closer look at how well devices used by diabetics to monitor their blood sugars work, seeking possible changes for device makers to help make them more reliable. At a two-day meeting to revie
    2010-03-16 GlucoseDEVICES
  • FDA aufblasen in einem anderen Gesundheitsreformgesetz

    FDA aufblasen in einem anderen Gesundheitsreformgesetz
    Nach einer pummeling in den Wahlen im November über die Ausgaben des Bundes und der Expansion der Regierung verabschiedete die lahme Ente Haus einen Haushaltsentwurf, die genau das enthalten ist. Neben einem Dutzend Ausgaben Rechnungen, ausgestopfte
  • Arsenic levels in fruit juice spark concern: study

    Arsenic levels in fruit juice spark concern: study
    n">Arsenic levels in some juice samples exceed allowable limits for water and have renewed concerns about the safety of popular childhood drinks, according to a consumer group report published on Wednesday. Product-testing organization Consumer Re
    2011-11-30 ARSENICJUICE
  • FDA accepts Novo Nordisk's resubmitted application for insulin drug

    FDA accepts Novo Nordisk's resubmitted application for insulin drug
    n">Denmark's Novo Nordisk A/S said the U.S. Food and Drug Administration accepted a resubmitted application for its key insulin drug, Tresiba, based on interim analysis data from a clinical trial. Tresiba, already available outside the United Stat
    2015-04-07 FDANOVONORDISK
  • Citrus fruit linked with melanoma in preliminary study

    Citrus fruit linked with melanoma in preliminary study
    n">(Reuters Health) - Using data from two long-term studies of women and men, researchers found a potential link between citrus consumption and malignant melanoma of the skin. But the study did not test whether citrus fruits were the cause of the
    2015-06-29 CANCERSKINCITRUS
  • Is OJ as good a source of vitamin D as supplements?

    Is OJ as good a source of vitamin D as supplements?
    NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - A glass of orange juice may not only help the vitamin pill go down. A new study suggests that fortified varieties can also help the body's vitamin D levels go up - just as effectively as the supplement itself. The finding
    2010-05-07 VITAMIN
  • Hospitals fight drug scarcity, fear patients harmed

    Hospitals fight drug scarcity, fear patients harmed
    WASHINGTON At the Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit, pharmacists are using old-fashioned paper spreadsheets to track their stock of drugs in short supply - a task that takes several hours each day. Most of the hospital's medicines - with usage estimated
    2012-06-01 DRUGSSHORTAGES
  • 15 Calciumquellen, die nicht eine Kuh erfordern

    15 Calciumquellen, die nicht eine Kuh erfordern
    Quellen 1 15 Kalzium, das nicht eine Kuh erfordern Calcium ist wichtig für gesunde Knochen, aber es macht so viel mehr. Calcium ist für den normalen Muskel- und Nervenfunktion und Ihr Blut erforderlich richtig gerinnen. Ein Kalziummangel ist eine sch
    2014-12-17 Ernährung
  • Junk food reigns in ads on Web sites for kids

    Junk food reigns in ads on Web sites for kids
    NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Advertisements for junk food may be cluttering many of the Web sites most popular with children, a new study suggests. When researchers examined 28 of the Web sites most frequented by children, they found that the majority
    2009-12-15 FOODJUNKWEBSITES
  • Do sugary drinks really fuel weight gain?

    Do sugary drinks really fuel weight gain?
    NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Studies reporting a link between sugar-sweetened beverages and weight gain have garnered a lot of attention but actually research on the issue has yielded mixed results, researchers note in a new report. "The purported lin
    2009-12-31 SUGARYDRINKS
  • Got milk intolerance? U.S. experts say it's unclear

    Got milk intolerance? U.S. experts say it's unclear
    WASHINGTON Many Americans believe they have lactose intolerance and thus avoid dairy products, but no one really knows whether they are damaging their health, experts told a national conference on Wednesday. In fact, no one has even done the research
    2010-02-25 USAMILK

TOP

  • Day/
  • Week/
  • Original/
  • Recommand

Updated

  • Winter-Komfort-Nahrung: Shrimp Creole und 9 Weitere Ideen

    Winter-Komfort-Nahrung: Shrimp Creole und 9 Weitere Ideen
    [Casey] / flickr Regina Rezept Shrimp Creole , um zu versuchen, klicken Sie hier. Ich bin bereit für etwas Ruhe und Frieden und einfaches Essen wie fabelhaft, wie Thanksgiving, war. Im tiefen Süden, Winter kommt jeder so oft und zum Glück bleibt nur
  • Health panel: Pap tests needed only every 3 years

    Health panel: Pap tests needed only every 3 years
    NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Women only need to get a Pap test once every three years to check for cervical cancer, and don't need to be screened until age 21 - even if they're sexually active earlier, according to new guidelines from a government-bac
  • Unwiderlegbaren Beweis, dass Influenza für schwangere Frauen routinemäßig Impfstoffe noch Quecksilber enthalten

    Unwiderlegbaren Beweis, dass Influenza für schwangere Frauen routinemäßig Impfstoffe noch Quecksilber enthalten
    Ob Sie es glauben oder nicht, gibt es immer noch Millionen von Menschen, Ärzte, Apotheker und sogar Journalisten, die noch nicht erkennen, dass es eine sehr hohe Konzentration von Quecksilber in Influenza-Impfstoffe für schwangere Frauen gegeben ist.
  • Dieters Unknowingly kann gefährlich Weight Loss Supplements Kaufen

    Dieters Unknowingly kann gefährlich Weight Loss Supplements Kaufen
    Beispiel von Pai Sie Guo Verpackung. Credit: Official Medicines Control Laboratory, swissmedic Eine potenziell gefährliche Gewichtsabnahme zu ergänzen, die in den Vereinigten Staaten zurückgerufen wurde weiterhin in erheblichen Mengen verkauft und ko
  • Verstehen Palliative Care

    Verstehen Palliative Care
    Palliative Care erhält eine wertlosverpackung. Meistens ist das, weil es mit Tod und Sterben verbunden ist. Aber im Kern geht es darum, Leiden lindern und das kann ohne Rücksicht auf jedermann in jedem Alter helfen, ob sie dem Tode nahe. Palliativmed
  • 11 Gründe zu laufen zu beginnen

    11 Gründe zu laufen zu beginnen
    1 11 Gründe zu laufen zu beginnen Menschen für eine Vielzahl von Gründen laufen beginnen. Einige laufen, weil sie wollen, Gewicht zu verlieren, ihre Gesundheit zu verbessern, tritt in Rennen oder etwas Neues auszuprobieren. Was auch immer der Grund f
  • Wie Gerade Aufstehen kann beim Abnehmen helfen

    Wie Gerade Aufstehen kann beim Abnehmen helfen
    Selbstkontrolle oder Willenskraft, ist von wesentlicher Bedeutung für nahezu jede wichtige Ziel zu erreichen. Resisting Versuchungen (wie leckere Snacks oder Zigaretten), Ablenkungen zu ignorieren (wie Ihr schnell füllen E-Mail-Posteingang oder Ihre
  • Kann ich mit der Einnahme Yasmin Pillen zu stoppen, obwohl ich es nur für einen Monat genommen haben?

    Ich nahm Yasmin Pillen im letzten Monat und es war das erste Mal, dass ich nehmen und mein Arzt sagte, dass meine Zeit in der 28. der ersten Periode kommen würde, aber es kam am 30. day.so meine Frage ist, dass kann ich es, während ich die Einnahme k
  • Die Anwendung zur Physiotherapie-Schule

    Die Anwendung zur Physiotherapie-Schule
    Die Frage am häufigsten von Physiotherapeuten gefragt ist ", wie ich auf physikalische Therapie Schule gelten?" Als Berufswahl eine äußerst wichtige Entscheidung ist, dass ich die Notwendigkeit zur Führung in dieser Suche zu verstehen. Im Folgen
  • Escherichia coli O157: H7

    Escherichia coli O157: H7
    Escherichia coli O157: H7 ist eine Ursache für Lebensmittelvergiftungen. Die meisten Fälle von E. coli O157: H7 wurden mit dem Essen ungekochten, kontaminierte Hackfleisch verbunden. So viele wie 73.000 Fälle von Infektionen - bis 61 Todesfälle führe